The Heavens Declare His Handiwork

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Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

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Gravity

By: Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

5/4/2009

Gravity arises as an artifact force associated with the DP density gradient produced by the aggregation of mass particles. Gravity is not a new elemental force, but rather a secondary effect due to the differential DP density gradient between the inner and outer limb of a mass particle in proximity to a large mass.

The DP density gradient increases all the way to the center of the large mass (such as a planet or star), but the gravitational force increases only for a distance into the mass, and then goes to zero at the center of a gravitational mass. Theoretically the mass DP density gradient extends outward from the surface of the mass to infinity.

At small distances from the surface of a gravitational body, (ratio approximately >10:1; distance from surface:radius of mass) gravitational force drops at a rate lower than the inverse square relationship.

At a distance large compared to the radius of the gravitational body, the gravity field (DP density gradient) drops at a rate proportional to the inverse square of the distance from the center of the two gravitational bodies.

The force of gravity may be computed by the Universal Law of Gravitation:

F = (m1m2)G/r²

F= the force between two masses, in Newtons (kg-m/sec²)

m1 & m2 = the two masses idealized as point masses, in kg

r = distance idealized as between the center of two masses, in meters

G = The Gravitational Constant determined by experiment = 6.6742x10-11 m³/kg-sec²

The relation of the Gravitational Constant to the Planck Units (Planck Length, Time, and Mass) connects gravity with Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity, and Planck’s quantum mechanical theory.

When expressed in SI units, the gravitational constant is dimensionally and numerically equal to the cube of the Planck length

divided by the Planck mass

and by the square of Planck time

This numerical-mathematical connection implies a fundamental relationship between gravity and processes occurring at the Dipole Particle level. Planck called these units natural units. When, expressing the equations of general relativity using the Planck length, Planck time, and Planck mass, the physical constants c, G, and h (speed of light, Gravitational constant, and Planck’s constant) all equal 1 and thus disappear from the equations of physics. Again, this connection hints that processes occurring at the Dipole Particle level are at the base of effects observed at the macro level.

The Einstein Field Equations are at the core of General Relativity:

Gab is the Einstein Tensor

Tab is the Tensor that defines the Einstein tensor.

The tensor mathematical description of gravity is used because numerical description of the variability of the variables requires a more complex mathematical notation than is available in ordinary differential equations because the normally constant distance and time parameters are themselves allowed to change. The Einstein Field Equations give actual numerical solutions to the gravitational field at any point in space.

Implicit in the Einstein Field Equations that the assumption that speed of light is constant, and that the parameters of time and space are modified so as to produce a constant speed of light.

(Note: assigning to light the status of invariant speed was the reason for giving it the symbol “c” for constant.)

Einstein used this revolutionary concept to resolve the problem of the null result of the Michelson Morley experiment, which did not show the expected change in the speed of light in different directions in relationship to the earth’s orbit. The ether drift theory predicted that light would slow down and speed up when shone in different directions: across, parallel, and anti-parallel to the hypothetical ether drift.

The Theory of General Relativity and the Einstein Field Equations appear to accurately describe the gravitational field. In this description they allow the normal parameters of distance and time to vary while leaving the speed of light a constant. Hence the notion that time slows down, and length contracts in a gravitational field. Thus, time and space are seen as relative concepts. Likewise, the concept of an Absolute Frame of Reference for space/distance and time are apparently rendered obsolete.

But, just because the Einstein Field Equations successfully model gravity, does not prove that his assertions of a universe without an Absolute frame. Rather, there is evidence that the speed of light is in fact variable.

The Aharonov Bohm effect implies that space has a chaotic nature to it which is influenced by the presence of an electric or magnetic field, even if the field has been canceled out due to the the symmetry of the source (e.g. the magnetic field outside of an energized solenoid).

If the speed of light is held as a constant, then space and time are forced to change to produce the effect of gravity. But, this does not mean that the speed of light is a constant on the level of the Absolute construction of space.

Note: the Planck Distance/Planck Time = speed of light = c = 2.98x10-8 m/s

The relationship of the smallest units of distance and time are indicators that the speed of light may be governed by processes and structures at this level of size and time magnitude.

The gravity field, the DP density gradient, arises because mass adds additional DPs to a space that would not be present in that space if it were not for the presence of the extra unpaired Dipole Particles in the mass. The effect of the increased density of the space is to produce a greater number of positive and negative DPs in the space than would be have been present in space without mass.

An electron for example has a negative Central DP, surrounded by positive and negative DP pairs, where the positive DP is closer and the negative DP is farther. At greater radii from the Central DP, the distance between the positive and negative DP pairs decreases. At very large distances from the Central DP, the average distance between positive and negative DP pairs approaches that of undisturbed space. The effect is an increased density of space around the mass.

Thus, every particle of mass in a space will necessarily increase the DP density of the space above the density of undisturbed space. And, since the DP density gradient of every particle, positive or negative, extends to infinity, decreasing in proportion to the inverse square of the distance from the Central DP, the effect will be to produce a DP gradient that extends outside of the strong electrostatic fields internal to the boundaries of a mass.

The density of the DP sea surrounding a mass decreases as an inverse square of the distance radial from the mass, a rate of decline which mirrors the strength of the gravitational field.

The question is whether the gravitational field could be produced by a DP density gradient?

A possible mechanism for producing a gravitation effect follows: A small mass in a gravitational field has its inner limb and penumbra immersed in a more dense DP concentration than the outer limb. The DP concentration immersing the particle of mass, causes the inner limb of the particle to contract.

As an example of how mass is affected by a change in the density of the DP Sea, note how the the size of the electron is reduced in a denser DP space compared to a sparser DP space. (Note, the size of the electron is arbitrary. But, the radius of an electron is by some density of negative DPs compared to the background DPs.)

The increased density of DPs causes the particles of mass on the inner limb to shrink, and as a result of being connected by the electrostatic forces between the Central DP and the surrounding DPs, the outer limb is pulled toward the inner limb. The outer reaches of the electron’s inner limb negative DPs are affected first, and their attraction to the positive layer and their attraction to the central DP cause the effect that has been characterized as the bending of space.

Another argument, could be that be that the outer limb is pulled inward into the lower state with the lowest amount of energy. The force of magnetic pole randomness pushes out against the DPs.

The incoming mass wants to be closer to the other mass because the DP space around the two pulls the other inward.

Basic Principles Summary |

Outline of Concepts |

Overview of Concepts |

Glossary |

Field Shell Concept |

Force Particle Concept |

B Field Concepts |

Dynamic EM Fields |

Search Site |

Personal History |

Political Philosophy |

Acknowledgements |

Mass Energy Summary |

Theory Summary |

Origin of Good and Evil |

Neutral Space |

Force Particles 2 |

Force |

Time 2 |

Time 3 |

Grid Points |

Acceleration |

Energy 2 |

Kinetic Energy 2 |

Kinetic Energy 3 |

Kinetic Energy 4 |

Kinetic Energy 5 |

Kinetic Energy 7 |

Kinetic Energy 8 |

Momentum & KE |

Momentum, KE & Inertia |

Speed of Light 2 |

Photon Velocity |

Force Particle Velocity |

Mass 2 |

Mass 3 |

Mass 4 |

Mass & Fields |

Two Wires with Current |

Dynamic Magnetic Fields |

Current Flow |

Fields & Moving Charge |

Moving Charge Effects |

Magnetic Induction |

Lenz's Law |

Field Energy |

Sub-Nuclear Forces |

The Strong Force |

Special Relativity & MMX |

Sound and Light Compared |

Photon Structure |

Photon Emission |

Photon Capture |

Photon Reflection |

Refracted Light |

Polarized Light |

Diffraction |

Interference |

Photon Scattering |

Wave Particle Duality 4 |

Big Bang & Momentum |

Photon Generation |

Allowed Orbitals |

Spectral Line Emission |

Laser Light Emission |

Blackbody Radiation |

Particle Decay |

Pair Annihilation |

Cherenkov Radiation |

Photon Generation 1 |

Particle Decay & Relativity |

Pair Annihilation 2 |

Cherenkov in Space |

Photon Absorption |

Pair Production |

Pair Production 2 |

Pair Production 3 |

Photon Reflection in Depth |

Photon Metallic Reflection |

Electron-Crystal Reflection |

Photon Reflection 1 |

Refractive Phenomena |

Refraction 2 |

Compton Scattering |

Wave Particle Duality 2 |

Wave Particle Duality 3 |

Dipole Sea Structure |

Dipole Sea & Ether Theory |

Dipole Sea & Energy Xfer |

FP Spheres & Charge Motion |

Battery Energy Storage |

Electromagnetic Concepts 2 |

Magnetic Permeablity |

Collison & Reference Frame |

Momentum, Inertia, & Momentum |

Mu Epsilon of Space |

Electron & DP Sea |

B Field from Electron Velocity |

Gyroscope |

The Inverse Square Law 2 |

Evolution vs. Creation |

Entropy |

Particles Complexes & Spirit |

EMG Interactions |

Summary of Concepts |

Particles & Fields |

Dipole Sea Particles 4 |

Local Light Speed |

Parallel Universes |

Quantum Jumps |

Quark Theory |

Fermions & Bosons |

Neutron Structure |

Neutrinos |

Subatomic Structure |

Neutrino Theory |

Quark Theory 2 |

Time Dilation 2 |

Light - Mass Interaction |

Orbital Superconductivity |

Orbital Uncertainty |

Electron Mass Persistence |

Dual Slit Interferometry |

Wave Particle Duality |

Uncertainty Principle2 |

DeBroglie Wavelength |

Lesson 1 |

Lesson 2 |

Lesson 3 |

Lesson 4 |

Ecumenical Solution |

Dipole Sea Structure |

Dipole Sea & Ether Theory |

Dipole Sea & Energy Xfer |

FP Spheres & Charge Motion |

Battery Energy Storage |

Electromagnetic Concepts 2 |

Magnetic Permeablity |

Collison & Reference Frame |

Dipole Sea Structure |

Dipole Sea & Ether Theory |

Dipole Sea & Energy Xfer |

FP Spheres & Charge Motion |

Battery Energy Storage |

Electromagnetic Concepts 2 |

Magnetic Permeablity |

Collison & Reference Frame |